Game animals

In Finland the game animals are:

1) rabbit, mountain hare, brown hare, red squirrel, European beaver, Canadian beaver, muskrat, nutria, wolf, farmed arctic fox, red fox, raccoon dog, bear, raccoon, badger, ermine, polecat, otter, pine marten, American mink, wolverine, lynx, Baltic ringed seal, harbour seal, grey seal, wild boar, fallow deer, red deer, sika deer, roe deer, moose, white-tailed deer, forest reindeer, and moufflon; and

2) Canadian goose, greylag goose, bean goose, mallard, teal, wigeon, pintail, garganey, shoveler, pochard, tufted duck, common eider, long-tailed duck, goldeneye, red-breasted merganser, goosander, willow grouse, ptarmigan, hazel grouse, black grouse, capercaillie, partridge, pheasant, coot, woodcock, and wood pigeon.

Unprotected animals

In Finland the following animals are not protected:

1) bank vole, water vole, common vole, field vole, root vole, yellow-necked field mouse, brown rat, and house mouse; and

2) raven (in reindeer management areas), hooded crow, magpie, herring gull, great black-backed gull, domestic pigeon, and fieldfare.

Hunting right

The right to hunt and make decisions on hunting belongs to of the owner of the area concerned, unless otherwise provided by law.

According to the Hunting Act, hunting right may be used as follows:

1) Persons residing permanently in Finland have the right to hunt in public waters of the sea and on islands and islets in areas which belong to the State and whose possession has not been transferred.

2) Persons whose domicile is in the municipality to which the public waters in whole or in part pertain or on which they border have the right to hunt in public waters of lakes and islands and islets owned by the State.

3) Persons whose domicile is in a municipality of the Province of Lapland or in the municipalities of Kajaani, Hyrynsalmi, Kuhmo, Kuusamo, Paltamo, Pudasjärvi, Puolanka, Ristijärvi, Sotkamo, Suomussalmi, Taivalkoski, Vaala, or Vuolijoki have the right to hunt on State-owned land in their home municipality.

4) Land owners may lease their hunting rights or part of these (hunting lease).

5) Lease contract under the Land Tenancy Act (258/1966) gives the right to hunt on the leased area only if this has been specified in the contract.

6) Holders of the hunting rights under section 6, a hunting lease or a land lease may grant permission to hunt to another party (hunting permit) on conditions laid down by them unless this is forbidden by the lease contract.

7) An authority governing State-owned areas decides upon game management and the use of hunting rights in the areas concerned.

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