Proactive measures to cope with climate change.
Climate change adaptation involves efforts by humans and the nature to adjust to and prepare for the ongoing or expected climatic changes. Adaptation measures may aim to minimise damages or take advantage of benefits. They may be anticipatory, provisionally planned, or reactive.
Climate change can no longer be prevented, because the effects of any international agreements restricting greenhouse gas emissions will only begin to become evident in actual climatic trends in the latter part of the 21st century. This is why adaptation is now considered equally important to mitigation efforts in climate policies.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is responsible for the coordination of climate change adaptation at the national level. Finland has been a pioneer in the implementation of climate policies. The National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change was adopted in 2005 as an independent element of the wider National Energy and Climate Strategy.
The aim of this adaptation strategy is to build up Finland’s capacity to adapt to climate change and reduce the costs to the society where possible. The strategy describes the impacts of climate change and potential adaptation measures for each sector for a period extending until 2080. Measures have been outlined for 15 sectors.
The most important measures to be taken by 2015 are:
- the integration of climate change adaptation into routine planning, implementation and development processes
- preparations for extreme events and assessments of the impacts of climate change incorporated into the planning of long-term investments
- improvement and establishment of existing and new observation and warning systems
- implementation of the Climate Change Adaptation Research Programme 2006-2010 (ISTO)
- preparations for forthcoming changes in the international operating environment.
The first evaluation report on the implementation of Finland’s adaptation strategy was published in 2009. The strategy is to be revised over the period 2011-2013.
The implementation of the strategy is overseen and steered by the Coordination Group for Adaptation to Climate Change, which is run by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and also contains representatives from other ministries, research institutes, research financers and regional actors.
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry prepares for climate change with its Adaptation Action Plan
The Action Plan for the Adaptation to Climate Change of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry 2011-2015 - Security of supply, sustainable competitiveness and risk management was published in spring 2011. It aims to mainstream adaptation in the administrative sector of the Ministry and bring the measures presented both in Finland's National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change and sectoral strategies to the concrete, practical level.
Researcher Ms Jaana Kaipainen
Tel. +358 40 801 5389