Maintenance and enhancement of biological diversity of forests is an integral element of the present Finnish forest policy, legislation and practices. In this respect forestry has changed radically over the past couple of decades.
The backbone of forest biodiversity conservation is the network of protected areas. These are supplemented by voluntary forest protection and biodiversity conservation in commercial forests. Majority of national parks and strict nature reserves are located in northern Finland, thus voluntary forest protection is very important and promoted by the State in southern part of the country.